Fish Pond Education Big Island Hawaii
Ocean Sports Logo Png

 

 

Questions?
Call us toll free:
888-724-5924 ext 103
Local Calls:
808-886-6666 ext 103

7am - 9:30pm
Hawaiian Time
7 Days a Week
Check Time Zones
Hawaii Weather

 

A-Bay Live Webcam

JPFlag and text
Dophin Watch Adventure

    Snorkel Cruises

 

    Sunset Cruises

 

    Dolphin Cruises

 

    Whale Cruises

 

    Scuba Diving

 

    Beach Activities

 

    Glass Bottom Boat

 

    Canoe Rides

 

    Aloha Beach Days

 

    Passport Rewards

 

    Tennis at Pā le’ale’a

    Fitness Classes

   Red Cross Cert. Classes

    Picture Gallery

 

    Fleet History

 

    Seasmoke

 

    Alala

 

    Manu Iwa

 

    Glass Bottom Boat

 

     2 Hour Charters

     3 Hour Charters

     4 Hour Charters

     Catered Menus

 

     Vow Renewals

 

    Waikoloa Beach Marriott

    Hilton Waikoloa Village

    Mauna Kea Beach Hotel

    Queens’ MarketPlace

    A-Bay

    Kama’aina Korner Outlet

     Hapuna Beach Prince

 

     Fairmont Orchid

   

     Kolea Vacation Rentals

 

  Kona Int’l Airport

    Big Island

 

    Ocean Sports Online Store

    Kona Coffee

 

    Dolphins 101

 

    Whales 101

 

    Fish Ponds

 

    Turtles (Honu)

 

    Coral

 

    Endangered Species

 

  Testimonials

   Employment

 

   Hawaii Resources

   Music

   Contest

   Charity and Great Events

 

 

 

Fish Ponds 101

Whenever I see a postcard of the sunset at Anaeho’omalu Bay, I can’t help but be amazed by the beauty of the ponds next to the beach. Did they build those ponds when they built the hotel?

We agree that the ponds are really incredible – and they’re not new. They actually played an integral part in historical Hawaiian culture. In Hawaiian, the general term for any kind of pond or enclosed water is “loko”. The Hawaiians recognized five types of loko and at least 449 of them had been constructed before 1830 – and the earliest known ponds were developed in the 14th century.

So the Hawaiian’s actually “built” the ponds? What did they use them
for?

Of the 5 main types of loko, the ali’i (royalty) most likely controlled 3 types. The loko  kuapa was the most important type of shore pond. It was enclosed by a curved seawall and had a sluice gate at one end called a “makaha” – like the pond you can see near the Ocean Sports beach hut. The ali’i also controlled the loko pu’uone, which were shoreline ponds containing brackish water, and the loko wai (inland freshwater ponds). The ponds were used not just to trap fish as in other Polynesian cultures, but to raise them for later consumption as needed. The ancient Hawaiians were the first culture to actually develop a system to manage water levels regardless of tides.

What kinds of fish were raised in the ponds?

Although many species were raised in ponds, the main species were milkfish (called awa) and mullet (‘ama’ama also called ‘anae during its adult stage). One of the translations for “Anaeho’omalu” is “Bay of the Protected Mullet”.

So the fish at Anaeho’omalu were used to feed the royalty? Who took care of the ponds?

It is thought that the ponds at Anaeho’omalu were used to raise fish for the ali’i and their families. Each pond had one male caretaker whose job it was to guard the fish from pigs and dogs, and also to clean and maintain the ponds. Because the fish raised in the ponds ate various kinds of algae, the caretaker also fertilized the ponds with sweet potatoes, taro, breadfruit and seaweed.

So what stopped the common people from eating fish raised in the ponds?

The ali’i put strong kapus (laws or taboos) on the ponds – which probably were reason enough to prevent poaching. But the Hawaiians were also a deeply religious people, and believed that guardian spirits (called ‘aumuaka mo’o) inhabited the ponds. The people regularly gave offerings to these spirits at shrines near the walls.

What kinds of spirits would inhabit the ponds?

The ‘aumakua mo’o were female guardians that usually appeared as lizards, turtles, or as a woman sitting beside the pool, combing her long black hair.

If the ali’i and their families were the only ones eating from the ponds, did the commoners see any benefits at all from the ponds?

Common people did manage many of their own “loko”. Some of them were inland freshwater ponds, and some were part of the wetland taro fields. Of course the fish and shrimp and other animals inhabiting these ponds were different species than those inhabiting the brackish water ponds of the ali’i. It is also thought that by maintaining abundant food sources for passing royalty and their entourage in ponds, the near-shore reef fish were left for the use of the rest of the population.

Are the fish ponds at Anaeho’omalu the original ponds?

Two of the ponds, Ku’uali’i, and Kahapapa, are thought to be part of what used to be a much larger complex of ponds. When the resort area was originally slated for development in 1973, the landowner (Boise-Cascade) hired Chuck Dewitt to dredge the ponds. The wall, which separated the pond from the beach at Anaeho’omalu till the March 11, 2011 tsunami destroyed a large portion of it, was constructed in 1985.

Click for more Fish Ponds

 

Credit Cards

 

Discover
PayPal

Copyright 2011 - 2014 Ocean Sports  email webmaster
Hawaii Web Design by Lets Go Vinyl Banners, Photo Credits: Michael S Nolan
Ken Ellis, Jeff McConnel     Music used with permission by Keali’i Reichel
Kona Snorkel Cruise, Sunset Sails, Dolphin Cruises Big Island